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Several studies have reported that precarious employment, changes in employment status, and unemployment had negative influence on health.6–8 Employment status is a key factor affecting socioeconomic status which in turn is associated with health outcome.9 Temporary employment has an adverse effect on mental health due to employment instability and the poor quality of temporary jobs.
Indeed, unstable work often involves undesirable jobs and/or low wages.10 Additionally, the health effects of precarious employment may depend on the degree of instability.11 Unemployment status was related to psychological status such as anxiety, depression and lowered health outcomes due to job loss.12In Korea, the precarious employment rate has increased and job security has decreased over recent years.
Indeed, the suicide rate in Korea is the highest among OECD countries,21 having increased from 10.2 per 100 000 in 1985 to 31.2 per 100 000 in 2010.22Therefore, our study objective was to assess the effects of employment status on mental health, particularly depression.
We hypothesised that unstable employment, such as precarious employment and unemployment, would have more negative effects on mental health than permanent employment.
In an unstable economic environment, women who are married or have children are usually encouraged to work.18 Also globalisation has pushed employers to replace low-skilled workers with workers from low-wage economies.Results Compared with those who were permanently employed, individuals who moved from permanent to precarious employment (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.23 to 1.70) or to unemployment (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.30 to 2.43) and from precarious employment to unemployment (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.32 to 2.06) showed a significantly increased the odds of having depression.Continuing precarious employment (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.30 to 1.83) or unemployment (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.23 to 1.70) also significantly increased the odds of having depression.The labour market was severely affected by the economic crisis of 1997–1998, which was caused by a current account deficit, inadequate corporation cash flows, weakening bank finances and low international reserves.13 The Korean government was rescued by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) which imposed an austerity plan.
Most of the financial institutions were restructured, research and development costs and the investment ratio were reduced, and 66.9% of corporations were restructured by the IMF. More, you can get Q-pass also when you buy tickets online.